Akkadian Empire
Sumerian CivilizationBabylonia
Map of the Akkadian Empire
Map of the Akkadian Empire.
Location Mesopotamia
Capital Akkad
Languages Akkadian and Sumerian
Religion Sumerian Religion

-2334 BC


Sargon of Akkad
Historical Era


2334 BC
2193 BC

-2334 BC

800,000 km²
(308,882 sq mi)

The Akkadian Empire /əˈkeɪdiən/ was an empire centered in the city of Akkad /ˈækæd/ and its surrounding region in ancient Mesopotamia which united all the indigenous Akkadian speaking Semites and the Sumerian speakers under one rule.

During the 3rd millennium BC, there developed a very intimate cultural symbiosis between the Sumerians and the Semitic Akkadians, which included widespread bilingualism. Akkadian gradually replaced Sumerian as a spoken language somewhere around the turn of the 3rd and the 2nd millennium BC (the exact dating being a matter of debate).

The Akkadian Empire reached its political peak between the 24th and 22nd centuries BC, following the conquests by its founder, Sargon of Akkad (2334–2279 BC). Under Sargon and his successors, Akkadian was briefly imposed on neighboring conquered states such as Elam.

Akkad is sometimes regarded as the first empire in history, though there are earlier Sumerian claimants.

After the fall of the Akkadian Empire, the Akkadian people of Mesopotamia eventually coalesced into two native nations; Assyria in the north, and a few centuries later, Babylonia in the south.

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