|Sumerian Civilization – Babylonia|
Map of the Akkadian Empire.
|Languages||Akkadian and Sumerian|
Sargon of Akkad
(308,882 sq mi)
The Akkadian Empire /əˈkeɪdiən/ was an empire centered in the city of Akkad /ˈækæd/ and its surrounding region in ancient Mesopotamia which united all the indigenous Akkadian speaking Semites and the Sumerian speakers under one rule.
During the 3rd millennium BC, there developed a very intimate cultural symbiosis between the Sumerians and the Semitic Akkadians, which included widespread bilingualism. Akkadian gradually replaced Sumerian as a spoken language somewhere around the turn of the 3rd and the 2nd millennium BC (the exact dating being a matter of debate).
The Akkadian Empire reached its political peak between the 24th and 22nd centuries BC, following the conquests by its founder, Sargon of Akkad (2334–2279 BC). Under Sargon and his successors, Akkadian was briefly imposed on neighboring conquered states such as Elam.
2334 BC - 2193 BC